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treesOrganisational data, user names and passwords are at the centre of the resource perspective of workflow management systems. YAWL has its own organisational model, and in the standard configuration, organisational data are entered via the control centre.

In a realistic setting, the workflow management system runs in an organisation where organisational data are registered in a central directory. The standard used here is the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol or LDAP for short. YAWL is an LDAP-enabled application in the sense that it can be configured to obtain its organisational data from an LDAP directory.

In this short tutorial we show how to configure YAWL to use an LDAP directory. Using a real-life directory can be challenging because of security aspects built into these systems. In order to see how YAWL can be connected it is easier to install an LDAP server for testing purposes locally. An excellent introduction on how to install OpenLDAP on an Ubuntu Linux is contained here:

Butcher M. Mastering OpenLDAP: Configuring, Securing and Integrating Directory Services. Packt Publishing; 2007.  

We assume now that you have installed your own LDAP server or that you know how to access a production server.

YAWL has two files where LDAP can be configured:



In the web.xml file you must set the value of the parameter OrgDataSource to LDAPSource. And you must set the parameter ExternalUserAuthentication to true.

The file LDAPSource.properties must be adapted to the LDAP server you want to connect to. The file that is shipped with YAWL is well documented and consist of two parts. In the first part, the connection parameters are set. In the second part, the properties of YAWL are mapped to LDAP attributes. We have mapped the roles attribute to employeeType in LDAP:

# Roles Attributes
# the name of the Role attribute name.

If everything is configured correctly, you should be able to see the LDAP users in the control centre.


The Contextfactory for LDAP is "com.sun.jndi.ldap.LdapCtxFactory".